Dating a taiwan coin
Note that for the Hsien Feng issue (row 3, column 2) there are other characters that can occur on the right side. All other mints have the mint name twice, in Manchu on the left and Chinese on the right.The size of these coins vary significantly from coin to coin.During the mid 1500's the Manchurians rebelled against the Ming Dynasty, and in AD 1559 Nurhachu (also know as T'ai Tsu) established a small Manchu dynasty.By 1625 Nurhachu has gained enough territory to need a capital, which he established at Mukden, but he died only a year later which brought his son Abahay (also known as T'ai Tsung) to the throne.Most coins after K'ang Hsi, use the "BOO" and mint name in Manchu reverse type, with some later issues having extra characters in Chinese to denote additional information (denominations or dating). This allows for a smooth transition with the coinage of K'ang-hsi and, not to put them here would require both of the principal mints to have been shut down during the last years of this reign.To aid people trying using this page to identify an unknown coin, the following table shows all of the major obverse types, which you can click on to go directly to the section discussing that reign title. Obverse: "T'IEN-MING T'UNG-PAO" in Chinese orthodox script. The two principal mints in Peking have have "BOO" on the left, and the mint name on the right, both in Manchu script.When they become available we will add images of them. He was a patron of the arts, which reached a very high level during his reign.From the reign of Yung-cheng, to the end of the Ch'ing dynasty, almost all of the coins conform to the standard types, with "BOO" in the reverse to the left, and the mint name in Manchurian script to the right. His is also one of the few Chinese emperors to abdicate the throne, which he did to honor K'ang Hsi (his father) by ending his reign just before it would have exceeded the length of K'ang Hsi's reign.
The Ch'ing Dynasty was a period of enlightenment, with the arts and literature reaching a high point under the Emperorss K'ang Hsi and Ch'ien Lung.Krause notes that there are modern counterfeits of this item.The Hsien Feng period was one of great strife in China.A myth about this variety claims they were cast from gilt bronze statues of Lohan's (attendants to Buddha), so each coin contains a trace of gold.No testing has found even a trace of gold in these, and there is nothing to support belief in this myth, which appears to originate in the mid-19th century.